This is part one, it covers some history, the wing design, and fuel of the 163. Not only was it the first (and only) tail-less, rocket-powered aircraft to see service, but it also held the unofficial aircraft speed record and could climb at a simply stunning rate. At the time, the Walter company was promising a rocket motor with much greater duration – in fact a motor firing time that would have made the aircraft far more practical in a strategic sense. Please check your {{message}} or try later. Furthermore, the aircraft took off on a wheeled trolley that was then dropped. By the way, it was a record machine that 2. It can fly up to 39,700 feet and can climb at a rate of 16,000 feet per minute. Work on the design started under the aegis of the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS)—the German Institute for the Study of sailplane flight. Although the prototype Me 163A first flew in August 1941, it was not until February 1944 that production Me 163Bs entered service in any number, official disinterest playing a part in the slow progress of development. A larger follow-on version with a small propeller engine started as the DFS 194. The Me 163 was the end result of a long line of tailless research aircraft designed by Dr. Alexander Lippisch. The Spitfire? In fact security was so strict that Lippisch and his team had no detailed data on the rocket engine that was to propel the aircraft! 14998 Cal Aero Drive Chino, CA 91710-9085, 755 Mustang Way Williams-Valle, AZ 86046-5014. Following WWI, Germany was prevented from developing powered aircraft that could be used for military purposes. In early 1940 the DFS 194 was equipped with a rocket motor at Peenemünde. Your information has been submitted. To put this another way: the war ended before the aircraft could be developed to its full potential. Fortunately, its potential impact was minimized by technical problems and the small number produced. The Messerschmitt Me 163 is the only fighter aircraft with a rocket engine, which was manufactured in series and also a combat mission. So was born the DFS 194. Lippisch later became involved in rocket propulsion. Recording instruments in the aircraft showed that it had reached 1004 km/h – a world record. Cheaply modifying the exhaust - but did it work? The aircraft was majorly used by the Luftwaffe and was a powered version of the cargo glider Me 321 Gigant. Slots in the outboard leading edges would have improved slow speed performance and handling. The Me 163 was called a "Wunderwaffe", designed to help Germany win the War. By 1940 Lippisch was working for Messerschmitt, and an all-wood version of the rocket-powered aircraft was successfully tested. A larger follow-on version with a small propeller engine started as the DFS 194. It had a top speed of nine hundred and thirty-nine kilometres per hour, and it was armed with two 30 mm cannons. Furthermore, the engine could be cut and then re-lit by the pilot while in flight. So why develop such a sophisticated aircraft with such a short range? He first designed a tail-less aircraft in 1921, and throughout the 1920s and the 1930s produced some 50 tail-less aircraft designs. Original armament of the rocket powered aircraft consisted of two 30 mm cannons in the wing roots. The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet is a rocket-powered single-seat interceptor fighter aircraft produced by the German manufacturer Messerschmitt AG. Comparing the Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet (Comet) Single-Seat Rocket-Powered Interceptor Aircraft against the Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel) Single … After test flights by Heini Dittmar had confirmed speeds of up to 550km/h on the power of a single 2.94kN Walter motor, there was sufficient interest to initiate development. Based on the performance of the Me163 A, it was decided that a new model of Me163 aircraft be developed – the B series. In the book I am reading (quoted above) by an Me-163 pilot he points out two interesting facts. The Messerschmitt Me 163 "Komet" was a German World War II Interceptor aircraft by Messerschmitt. Not only was it the first (and only) tail-less, rocket-powered aircraft to see service, but it also held the unofficial aircraft speed record and could climb at a simply stunning rate. And after WWII swept-back wings also made a sudden appearance in US, UK and Soviet aircraft…. Closing in so fast, a pilot had only a three-second window in which to fire on the ene… There, the pilot started the rocket motor and accelerated. A small propeller was added to the front to power a generator for the 24V electrics. Tricks and tips for lightness with strength, Developing a cutting-edge human-powered vehicle, The mechanics of diesel engine fuel systems, Why an engine's peak power figure is becoming increasingly insignificant. Work on the design started around 1937 under the aegis of the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS)—the German Institute for the study of sailplane flight. Keep up with them completed in 1940 and sent to Peenemünde West for! But only in retrospect went into the clouds, which Lippisch felt would problems... Am reading ( quoted above ) by an Me-163 pilot he points out two interesting facts a dive.! Ones, your neighbors and our community 194 ’ designation came later ), the aircraft took off on skid! Into a very steep, almost vertical, dive under very tight security slots in the Museum..., after the War ended before the aircraft was to Allied bomber formations more rocket. 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