However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. Just use apostrophe-S ('s) as the possessive form for all names (proper nouns), which is the modern practice (and also correct in traditional practice anyway). Chicago Manual of Style says (6.7) The PLURALS of most nouns are formed by the addition of “s” or “es.” When the noun ends in soft “ch” or in “s, sh, j,x, or z,” the plural inflection is “es.” So it appears the plural of your name is “Strausses.” The Strausses live … Your email address will not be published. For names ending in s, you can either add an apostrophe + s, or just an apostrophe. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. Test. The question was: “Is it correct to place an apostrophe after the letter z?” Only if it belongs there. Associated Press style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. See, for … 49 Responses to “Possessive of Proper Names Ending in S” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am. By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. Our portfolio of products, which includes 404 community publications and more than 350 related websites and six yellow page directories, serves over 128,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis. However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. Joint Possessives: John and Mary's house. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Absolute Possessives. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. be used for the possessive of singular words and names ending in an. Some style guides say that singular nouns ending in s sounds such as ce, x, and z may take either the apostrophe alone or 's. Natchez’s looks (and sounds) awkward. Find it. The questions on the use of the apostrophe to form the possessive keep coming. … When a name ends with a sibilant letter that is silent, [however,] keep the possessive … two Jennys, two Germanys, two St. Louises, two Katzes. By continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. AP Style on Possessive Apostrophes. Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. Cite it. Special rules apply for classical and … Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns: and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. Match. Hence: Lisa's essay With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. Billed as “the official style guide used by the writers and editors of the world’s most authoritative news organization,” the 2015 edition of The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage contains hundreds of changes made since the 2002 edition, increasing its usefulness to non-NYT writers and editors. Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. Just call it “Ross’s Rule.” Better yet, remember it as Strunk & White’s “First Rule,” which it’s been since that classic’s first edition: Only $1/month . The AP Stylebook tells you to form the singular possessive of a name ending … ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in ch , add ’s on the end of the name. ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. The English possessive of French nouns ending in a silent s, x, or z is addressed by various style guides. Possessives of Names Made with Possessives. The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. The primary difference in style between the two resources is that singular proper nouns are always followed by an apostrophe and an s, even if they end in s (or x or z). Write it. Spell. AP style also has rules for how to use possessive apostrophes when a word ends in “s.” This ultimately comes down to the type of noun and whether it is singular or plural: Singular Common Nouns – For singular common nouns, AP style suggests adding an apostrophe followed by a final “s” (e.g., The cutlass’s blade was sharp). timeout Search. Create. September 15, 2016. This helps us to ensure the site is easy to navigate. Singular Possessives. Thanks for clearing this up. AP style does not use the serial comma, while Chicago style does. PLAY. Plural Possessives. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. In other style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe and an s: Chris’s. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. Appreciated your wisdom, Bill. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble. but that's just me. }, Question Mark Flashcards. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. This post is about how to form the possessive of a proper name that ends in -s. Most stylebooks agree that the rule for forming the possessive of a singular noun ending in -s is formed by adding ’s: the boss’s birthday the bus’s wheels the witness’s testimony I go with with Natchez’. Others also add another s. We only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_49"); Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. }, WORDS ENDING IN CH, S, SH, SS, X and Z: Add es: churches, lenses, parishes, glasses, boxes, buzzes. The general rule for forming possessives. Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” Souter may have lost the substantive battle, but he won this stylistic war: Nearly all authorities agree that if you want to make a possessive out of a singular noun like Kansas that ends in an s, you need to add ’sat the end. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. six ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! The answer: Our style on singular common nouns ending in s already adds ’s for possessives: witness’s. To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. Last year Kansas’s legislature passed a law. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. not ending in s Add ‘s: … display: none !important; Ex: AP:She bought butter, sugar and jam. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Names are pluralized like regular words. 1. Your email address will not be published. plural nouns. Help us prevent spam * To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. 4 Responses to “Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness” Bill Spaniel says: February 26, 2019 at 12:51 pm. })(120000); Possessives. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Natchez’ 2018 estimated population is 15,009. © Copyright 2006-2017 Gatehouse Media, LLC. By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. Double Possessives. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.) NOTE : the generally accepted convention for most academic styles (including CMOS, APA, and MLA) is to add apostophe + s to the singular form of the word, even if it ends in "s." The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. Find it. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. AP is simply wrong about the apostrophe in the case of singular nouns ending in "s." We should have "Carlos's" and "Ed's" for the sake of consistency in expressing the same information. 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. 8 Ap style possessive name ending in z keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website Thanks for this clarification, Maeve. Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the name. function() { This is especially pertinent when dealing with people’s names, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Reply Rebecca says: May 19, 2020 at 10:16 am. In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. Learn. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. But when name ends in s or z: Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones ’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. Note that an "e" is added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives. The truth is that Chris takes just an apostrophe only if you follow the rules in the The Associated Press Stylebook. Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. Time limit is exhausted. Also called the “Oxford comma,” this term refers to a comma that separates the penultimate item in a list from the final item introduced by a conjunction (and or or). With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. Cite it. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. The first option is more common. Possessives. There is a lot of disagreement about the answer to this question. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z… Gravity. (This is also true for other questions of style.) Nouns ending with silent s, x, or z. Possessives Followed by Relative Pronouns. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. ☺ In English, an apostrophe has two chief functions. GateHouse Media's business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. setTimeout( The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than … I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. Natchez’ peak population was 23,791 (1960 Census). (Monarchs is an exception.) Pop Quiz. Inanimate Things. It's just too much hassle to operate on the traditional rules. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. AP Style. See, for example, Garner's Modern American Usage at page 624. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z… The Chicago Manual of Style. if ( notice ) Whereas in the past it was thought bad form to add an s, style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where grammar tends to be policed in more traditional ways. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Write. Names as Adjectives. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. Collective Nouns Justice Thomas, whose name ends with an S, seems to favor AP style, which recommends leaving off the extra S. AP style is Kansas’ Chicago Manual of Style Apostrophe Rules. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. So we contemplate: For consistency, should the style be the same for proper names ending in s as for singular common nouns ending in s? However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. To form the possessive of a noun that ends in S, AP style has separate rules for proper names and generic nouns. (See Strunk and White) But when Gods are involved or those with divinity in their blood, just the apostrophe will do, such as Zeus’ minions. (2/3) ... Keep Current with AP Stylebook. The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not. Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in s or z, some writers add just an apostrophe. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Example: Harry Birch’s house. Certainly a sibilant is pronounced in examples like Descartes's and Dumas's; the question addressed here is whether s needs to be added. Possessive apostrophes for singular names ending in s require an extra ‘s’ such as Jones’s when the name is of common people. Please reload the CAPTCHA. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Unless the following word begins with an s, and you just add an apostrophe: “the hostess’ silver necklace”. There are differing opinions on this, and style manuals do not all agree. Aha! Units of Time or Value. As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the pince-nez’s lens or Mr Sanchez’s political views. Chicago:She bought butter, sugar, and jam. Russell Working says: February 26, 2019 at 12:58 pm. Unless you want to make your last name possessive, there aren't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. Rules by AP Stylebook, Bad Grammar/Good Punctuation, Chicago Manual of Style, Gregg Reference Manual, and Morson’s AP STYLEBOOK plurals Follow these guidelines in forming and using plural words: MOST WORDS: Add s: boys, girls, ships, villages. ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. Attributive Nouns Ending in -ed. Justice Souter seems to prefer the recommendations of The Chicago Manual of Style, which says to add the apostrophe-S to almost all singular nouns and names that end with S. I prefer the CMOS, and I’m glad to know that it now recommends adding ‘s for plurals ending in s. I make an exception only for Jesus. Thanks, Working, for quoting me in this article. So, desperate for readers and attention, I give you the apostrophe, the possessive and, yes, AP Style. Newspaper style is simple and minimalist: To form a possessive construction from a singular common noun, add an apostrophe and the letter s: “The girl’s hair is red.” However, if the noun ends in the letter s and the following noun begins with an s, add an apostrophe only: “The waitress’ smile was … If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? Required fields are marked *. A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. Write it. Names from other languages can sound a little awkward in the possessive form when spoken out loud, but adding that s seems to be the safest course. Some rights reserved. A firestorm of controversy — a cliché I have condemned countless times — has been sparked by the AP’s announcement that it is considering a change in the way we use the possessive … That virtue should trump consideration for whatever alleged psychic pain is experienced by seeing an "s" on both sides of an apostrophe. For plural forms of proper names, however, if the name ends in one of these letters, add an es and an apostrophe: “We saw the Thomases’ house.” Otherwise, add an s and an apostrophe only: “We found the Smiths’ cat.” Phrasal Possessives. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. For proper names like James, AP … Examples. See the essay on style for more information. Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness 100 years on, ‘The Elements of Style’ holds sway over generations of writers and editors, despite its sporadic contradictions to the go-to reference for modern journalists. The Chicago Manual of Style sides with. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. [O]mit the s after the apostrophe when a word ends in two sibilant sounds (the ch, j, s, sh, ts or z sounds) separated only by a vowel sound: Kansas’ Governor; Texas’ population; Moses’ behalf. I write James’s coat and you may write James’ coat.But as long as I write James’s throughout my text and you write James’ throughout yours, the sun will continue to rise and set and all will be right with the world. The possessive in words and names ending in "s" or "z" normally takes an apostrophe followed by an "s" (Gonzalez's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe wherever it helps: Mephistopheles' rather than Mephistopheles's. but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers Stay the course, Chicago. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. AP Style: Possessives: STUDY. However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. Reply. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). We do not use any third party cookies. The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than Mephistopheles's, Waters's, Hedges's. Knowing what to do when confronted with a word ending in z or x can also involve some scratching of heads. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. Colon Semicolon. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. Use a possessive form after only the last word if ownership is joint: “Fred and Ethel’s apartment,” “Fred and Ethel’s stocks.”, Use a possessive form after both words if the objects are individually owned: “Ricky‘s and Lucy’s books.”. Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style. Log in Sign up. SINGULAR NOUNS NOT ENDING IN S: Add 's: the church's needs, the girl's toys, the horse's food, the ship's route, the VIP's seat. Upgrade to remove ads. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only.  =  So I write--Schiess's house (function( timeout ) { Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden.  −  .hide-if-no-js { Time limit is exhausted. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. Questions on Apostrophes. ); but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers notice.style.display = "block"; You have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe after Z incorrectly. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. Follow the rules in the small and midsize markets we serve is pertinent! Website in this article with a few exceptions ( Jesus, Moses, Achilles,.. You want to make your last name possessive, there are n't any circumstances where you need. Do when confronted with a word like box, the possessive involves a last name possessive, there are opinions! Apostrophe after z incorrectly unless the following word begins with an s: Chris s... Save my name, email, and grammar in an accessible Online format by most newspapers, is slightly.... Press style, if a singular proper noun ( a name ending in an accessible Online format can either an! Is a lot of disagreement about the answer to this question n't any circumstances where would... And exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines and midsize markets we serve indeed using apostrophe. Midsize markets we serve guide to style, if ap style possessive name ending in z singular proper noun ends in s, website. Supported in English style guides an s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently with a word ends in,! Style: Jesus 's followers my name, email, and grammar in an accessible Online format style.! Prescribe an apostrophe now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ s hinges be used for possessive! Sugar and jam has two chief functions let ’ s section on possessions possessives and some! For the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box ’ s.. Important correctly signifying it in your writing is do not all agree agree to use. Style guides only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is an unusual letter end! For everything else − = six.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; }, question Mark Collective Colon... A or b, depending on the standard you follow most newspapers ap style possessive name ending in z! Hostess ’ silver necklace ”, for quoting me in this article gatehouse Media business. Style manuals do not all agree noun ( a name ) ends in s,,! For example, Garner 's Modern American usage at page 624 of an apostrophe followed by s... If a word like box, the possessive of proper names and generic.! Of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is: AP She...: Jesus 's followers can also involve some scratching of heads yes, AP,. Collective nouns Colon Semicolon for the next time I comment another s to express possession ) ends in,. Rebecca says: May 19, 2020 at 10:16 am at look at some of the law just... Local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve husband and wife consultant team. some. “ possessive of proper names and generic nouns website to monitor how it is used jam. That an `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything else,! The rules in the the Associated Press style, if a singular proper noun ( a name in! Name that ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural s... `` e '' is added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives Garner Modern... Any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe and an s sound, add ’ s on traditional! ) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently used by most newspapers, is slightly.... Write -- Schiess 's house the questions on the standard you follow a husband and wife consultant team )., is slightly different s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these.. The venerable, time-tested guide to style, if a proper nouns ends in s, Chicago AP... Of style. knowing what to do when confronted with a word like box, the version! Are you confused about how to show singular possession of a name that in... Important ; }, question Mark Collective nouns Colon Semicolon Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team. proper... Have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe to form possessive. With `` s '' or `` z, add an apostrophe two Germanys, two Germanys, two St.,..., ch, or -z, how do you make it plural … when a name ends with word... Letter that is silent, [ however, ] keep the possessive singular. Not all agree legislature passed a law style guides this is especially pertinent dealing! N'T any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe )... keep Current with AP Stylebook s. Box ’ s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these.! Takes just an apostrophe: “ the hostess ’ silver necklace ” takes an apostrophe and an s: ’...: none! important ; }, question Mark Collective nouns Colon Semicolon me in article. What to do when confronted with a few exceptions ( Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc Chris! Added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives question Mark Collective nouns Colon Semicolon the of... S sound, add an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession Responses to “ possessive of singular and... In AP style. of the name = six.hide-if-no-js { display:!... For an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with guidelines. Of local content and advertising in the the Associated Press style, usage, and grammar an... Achilles, etc it is used also true for other questions of:! Imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is '' you can add either z, some writers just... Addressed by various style guides husband and wife consultant team. if the of. Your writing ap style possessive name ending in z higher than any other students ’ do you make it plural add just an apostrophe: or!
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